FAQs

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding both Pharmacogenetic Testing (PGT) and Medication Monitoring (UDT/OFT) by Millennium Health

PGT

What is Millennium Pharmacogenetic Testing (PGT)?

Millennium PGTSM is a non-invasive test utilizing either an oral or saliva specimen that can help your health care provider decide which medications and doses may work the best for you.

How does this test work?

The way you respond to medications may be related to your genetics. Millennium PGT analyzes specific genes selected by your health care provider. The test is specific to medication response only and is not used to provide any other information about your DNA. The results of this test can help your health care provider understand:

  • How your body may process certain medications
  • Which medications may be the best option for you

Some other non-genetic factors that may also impact your response to medications include:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Diet

How will this help you and your health care provider?

The results of this test can help your health care provider to:

  • Move beyond the trial and error approach with your medication
  • Identify the best medication for you
  • Personalize your medication therapy based on your genetic profile

Explaining your Test Results

Your genotype indicates whether you have specific genetic variants present in your DNA. Results for each test are reported as “Predicted Phenotypes,” which explains how these genetic variants may influence your response to medication.

Your test results may impact your health care provider’s decisions about your treatment plan. The results of your PGT test may help your provider:

  • Change your medication
  • Change the dosage of your medication
  • Confirm your current prescribed medications are suitable for you

Are my results kept private?

Millennium Health maintains your privacy in accordance with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) regulations. Each specimen is securely discarded after completion of testing and is never stored for more than 30 days.

Who pays for the test?

Millennium Health will bill your insurer directly for its services. Then your insurance will send an Explanation of Benefits (EOB). The EOB is not a bill; it is a statement that shows how your insurer processed the claim for the test. Depending on your insurance carrier, you may receive a statement from Millennium Health for any remaining charges, including co-insurance, co-payments or deductible.

What is the Millennium PGT process?

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What is the specimen collection process?

After your health care provider determines the test is right for you, he/she will provide instructions on how to provide a specimen for testing. Please follow instructions carefully. Your health care provider will select the appropriate test on the test requisition form and ship your specimen to Millennium Health for analysis.

When will I be tested?

Your health care provider will determine when you will be tested based on your medical needs.

UDT

What are medication monitoring services?

Medication monitoring services help your health care provider understand what medications you are currently taking, which could interfere with newly prescribed medications. The results assist your health care provider to safely prescribe medication as part of your treatment plan. The lab can test either urine or oral fluid for many different medications.

How does medication monitoring help you?

The use of some drugs in combination can be harmful. Medication monitoring helps your health care provider decide on the treatment that is best for you. It can encourage an open discussion with your health care provider about your treatment plan, and can help to keep you safe.

Why utilize medication monitoring services?

Prescription medications are a common form of treatment for chronic pain and other conditions. However, each person reacts differently to them. Medication monitoring services provide your health care provider with essential information for the safe and effective use of your medications and, as appropriate, changes in your treatment plan.

What is involved in the medication monitoring process?

Your health care provider’s office staff will give you directions on how to provide a sample of urine or saliva for testing. Please follow the instructions carefully. The collection device provided by your health care provider may contain instant-read test strips. Please do not tamper with these test strips. Your health care provider’s staff will interpret the preliminary results and may send the sample to an outside laboratory, such as Millennium, for further analysis and/or additional testing.

What happens once my specimen is sent to the lab?

The lab will run a series of tests requested by your health care provider, which may include Urine Drug Testing (UDT) or Oral Fluid Testing (OFT), to confirm the levels of both prescribed and non-prescribed medication in your system (UDT/OFT). Your health care provider has selected Millennium Health for testing your specimen and may use these test results to personalize your treatment plan.

Are my results confidential?

Millennium Health complies with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and all applicable state privacy regulations.

How often will I be tested?

Your health care provider will determine when you will be tested based on your medical needs.

How do I pay for this test?

The laboratory will bill your insurer directly for its services. Then, your insurance company will send you an Explanation of Benefits (EOB). The EOB is not a bill. It is simply a statement that shows how your insurer processed the claim for the test. Depending on your insurance carrier, you may receive a statement for a co-payment or a deductible. More Patient Billing information.

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